An update to Missouri's QBS law was signed into law - Missouri’s QBS law - in 2007. This change to our QBS law originally passed in 1983 to make clear that local governments must follow a QBS - qualifications-based selection - procurement process regardless of what local statue or policy they adopt.
Link for ACEC MISSOURI IMPORTANT QBS INFO
QBS - Achieving Quality and Cost Effectiveness in Designing Projects
How do you know you're getting the best value for your dollar when you obtain the services of a design professional? Your first reaction will undoubtedly be to obtain price quotes and then choose the low bidder.
Contrary to your initial reaction, bidding for professional design services can compromise the architecture, engineering or surveying needed for your project. Unlike selecting a professional simply on the basis of cost, using a Qualification Based Selection (QBS) system for professional services, can assist you in retaining a well qualified professional and enable you to negotiate a level of service and cost appropriate to the project and budget.
WHAT IS QBS?
Qualifications based selection (QBS) is a negotiated procurement process for selection based on qualifications and competence relative to the work to be performed.
Step 1 Agency requests qualifications for identified services. QBS is usually done for a single project. However, QBS can be done annually with firm identifying all areas of their expertise for future projects.
Step 2 Professionals submit qualifications.
Step 3 Agency screens qualifications and lists "three highly qualified" professionals.
Step 4 Agency reviews list and selects the professional best qualified and capable of performing the desired work (may or may not include interviews).
Step 5 Agency prepares a detailed "written description of the scope of the proposed services."
Step 6 Professional examines written description and determines hours and fee to accomplish the work.
Step 7 Agency and professional negotiate contract. "If the agency is unable to negotiate a satisfactory contract with the firm selected, negotiations with that firm shall be terminated. The agency shall then undertake negotiations with another of the qualified firms selected. If there is a failing of accord with the second firm, negotiations with such firm shall be terminated. The agency shall then undertake negotiations with the third qualified firm."
(Text in quotes verbatim from the state law.)
DO YOU HAVE TO USE QBS?
YES - if you are working for a federal or Missouri state agency or local political subdivision.
NO - if you are a private entity, you have the right to choose any selection process you wish. Likewise, the design professional has the freedom of choice to participate in any selection process.
WHAT ABOUT PRICE-BASED SELECTION?
WHAT PRECEDENTS EXIST FOR QBS?
WHY WOULD AN OWNER WANT TO USE QBS?